Online FIR Complaint Registration

FIR is the acronym of “First Information Report” which is not defined anywhere in Indian Penal Code, 160 nor in Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. However, the role of FIR comes in play under Section-154 CrPc when an information regarding commissioning of cognizable offence is received by the Police officer either through himself, victim or magistrate or third person and where their exist primae facie reason to believe and suspect commissioning of offence, then in such a scenario the police officer will register an FIR.

To ease the process of registration of FIR and Criminal Complaint, the state police authorities have introduced their online electronic platforms where all or any person can report commissioning of offence and obtain Digital Diary No. through simplified means. The practice of Online FIR Complaint Registration has brought enormous ease to citizens as well as lawyers who often used to run from different police stations for helping clients.

Definition of FIR

FIR is the acronym of “First Information Report” which is not defined anywhere in Indian Penal Code, 160 nor in Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. However, the role of FIR comes in play under Section-154 CrPc when an information regarding commissioning of cognizable offence is received by the Police officer either through himself, victim or magistrate or third person and where their exist primae facie reason to believe and suspect commissioning of offence, then in such a scenario the police officer will register an FIR.

FIR or Complaint acts as a mouthpiece of truthfulness of allegations made by the informant who witnessed, heard or saw the manner in which it is committed and who has committed it. This statement can also be used by the defense to disprove or contradict allegations made on false grounds against the accused. It is mandatory for Police to do Online FIR Complaint Registration when any cognizable offence is found to have been committed.

What is Complaint and who can file it?

Complaint is general term refers to a piece of information either oral or written given to Police regarding commissioning of offence. Any person who is victim of crime or saw the commissioning of offence but was not directly involved in it can always report such criminal action by means of a Complaint.

Usually in matters which are non-cognizable and bailable in nature, the police officer will receive complaint and then shall inform the magistrate about such complaint under Section-155(2) of Criminal Procedure Code, 1876 and will not investigate the matter unless specifically directed by court in this behalf.

Should You File a Criminal Complaint or an FIR?

Generally as a matter of practice, the police officer initially takes a criminal complaint and issues receiving on the same. This is done with an objective of preventing any false cases being reported for wrongful motive. That the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in the judgement of Lalita Kumari vs State of Uttar Pradesh had dealt with issues relating to registration of an FIR and also issued guidelines to prevent abuse of it by the police officials.

Through the said judgement, it was mandatory for a police officer to register an FIR if cognizable offence is found to have been committed. Before registration of FIR, the police shall conduct a preliminary inquiry into allegations levelled in complaint to find out whether primae facie offence is found to have been committed or not and if committed then they shall record details of the incident in their register and investigate the same.

It is always advisable to file a criminal complaint and let police take recourse of the same. Moreover, Online FIR Complaint Registration has made it easy and hassle free for citizen to report illegal activities.

What will be the content and manner in which facts are to be mentioned while doing Online FIR Complaint Registration?

The FIR is usually registered in a standard prescribed format which every police station follows, however, it is essential for us to know that information must explicitly record at the first instance in a detailed manner because that will make your criminal case more strong and easy to establish alleged circumstances.

The FIR must contain following details:-

  • Name of the complainant or informant who reported the incident.
  • Detailed narration of facts and circumstances.
  • Date, time, and location of the crime.
  • Details of persons who could be a witness to the occurrence of crime if the same is in the knowledge of complainant or informant.

  • How to do Online FIR Complaint Registration?

    The Online FIR Complaint Registration services are not available in all instances on State police websites or portals. However, the police stations in order to release their paper work, documentation and work has started processing majority services through online mode. Issues relating to theft, lost identity documents can be easily reported for creating proof of them being stolen along with various other allied services which requires local police station approval.

    Important Points to Remember in Online FIR Complaint Registration?

    When making an FIR you need to enter your personal information when registering an FIR. The following choices will be available:

  • Fill in the name of the person who wants to file an e-FIR as the complainant.
  • Type the father's or mother's names here: Names of the complainant's parents should be entered. Put the complainant's full address in the address field.
  • Enter the plaintiff's phone number; the plaintiff's mobile number is active.
  • Enter the complainant's email address: The email ID is important because a copy of your e-FIR will be sent to you through email for verification.

    Information contained in an FIR cannot be changed: After filing an FIR, you cannot change its contents. On the other hand, you are free to provide more information to the police at any time in the future.

  • Which States Allow Online FIR Complaint Registration ?

    The complainants may submit e-FIRs online in the following states.

  • Bangaluru city
  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Jharkhand
  • Kolkata city
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • New Delhi
  • Odisha
  • Patna city

  • What Takes Place Following an FIR?

    On registration of FIR, the investigation officer will conduct investigation into allegations levelled in the FIR and will carry out arrest of individuals alleged to be involved in commission of offence.

    Once investigation is complete, the investigation officer will place its Final Report with all evidence under Section-173 of Criminal Procedure Code, 1976 to establish charges against the accused person. However, if the police decide after conducting their investigations that there is insufficient proof or evidence that a crime has been committed, then investigating officer will file closure report.

    And with these particulars it can be tough dealing and tracking everything regarding the same. Edge Law Partners can assist you on the matters of e-FIR and related instances and also registration of FIR through Court if the police has failed to register FIR despite repeated attempts. Edge Law Partners helps to make the experience of filing and managing FIRs and related matters a lot smoother and easier and paves way for what further prudent actions should be.